Fierla I., , Geografia gospodarcza Polski, PWE, Warszawa. 2. Węcławowicz G., , Przestrzeń i społeczeństwo współczesnej Polski, Studium z geografii. czy w Poznaniu, Katedra Ekonomii i Polityki Gospodarczej w Agrobiznesie, ul. Wojska Polskie- According to Fierla  natural conditions are basic but passive development fac- tors. .. In: Geografia gospodarcza Polski. Ed. I. Fierla. PWE. Abstrakty. Analizy przekształceń infrastruktury transportowej Polski dokonano w . Lijewski T., Infrastruktura, [w:] Geografia gospodarcza Polski, pod. red I. Fierli, .
|Published (Last):||1 August 2018|
|PDF File Size:||19.75 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||13.80 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
You are not logged in log in. Inthe length of the railways network in Poland amounted to 20, km, including 8, km of two- and more-track lines; there were 11, km of rails connected to the system of 3kV direct current. The period of development has been especially marked in modern polsski branches which are able to adjust to the needs of the transport market, such as road, air and – partially – sea transport.
The number of passengers using ferry lines, mainly run to Scandinavian ports is growing steadily. University of Lodz – Central Authentication System. The transportation of commodities amounted to Struktura przestrzenna rolnictwa 4.
There is a progressing decline of the railways network as more and more fragments of it are being liquidated, others are having gsografia and goods conveyance withdrawn. The lecture and exercises is to provide natural and socio-economic characteristics Polish geographical regions.
The processes have not been prevented by either structural or economic transformations within the Polish State Railways Group. Considerable regress has occurred relating to the inland river transport which makes use of mutually isolated, short-distance navigable sections of the Odra River and the Vistula. As a result of completion of this course the student should: It is particularly in the development of this branch of transport that one can notice a clear-cut technical barrier which is posed by the state of the road infrastructure, especially the lack of sufficiently developed motorway network and through highways.
The number of passengers served by national airports is growing dynamically. Inthe public transport means i. In recent years transport in Poland has gone through a phase of considerable changes both as regards its infrastructure and the character of transportations. Przemiany gospodarcze Polski 3.
Regional Geography of Poland – Courses – USOSweb
Method and Criteria of Assessment:. The Polish sea transport fleet numbered ships of a total cargo carrying capacity of 2, thousand tons DWT and gross capacity 1, thousand tons GT. Modernization of wharves has also been advanced, the aim of which is to raise the loading capacity and to introduce services of specialist and intermodal container terminals transport on a greater scale. Inall the branches of transport conveyed 1, In relation to the potential of the landscape will be outlined historical perspectives on contemporary social influencing economic picture selected Polish regions.
Inin Poland, the total length of exploited roads of different categories amounted to As regards the number of passengers, the largest airports are the following: The average age of the ships amounted to 20 years.
Regional Geography of Poland
There geogrrafia mainly local fidrla of aggregates used in construction industry run along it. The total length of the major roads of national importance was 18, km, that of regional ones – 28, km, county roads – , commune roads – 99, km. In a situation like this it is hard to expect that the requirements relating to the EU transport policy of sustainable development of all the transport branches, as well as to priorities for pro-ecological forms transport, which rail and inland water transport undoubtedly are, will be met.
The aim of the course is gekgrafia explain the differences in the natural and socio-economic as well as the facts and the processes that shaped them and the Polish presentation on the background of the European structures.
irena fierla pdf merge
Motorways of the length of km and express roads of the length of km were under construction, motorways of another km in length were at different stages of bidding procedures. Basically, the idea of using long-distance navigable routes has been abandoned.
Inthe Polish Gelgrafia conveyed The po,ski of passengers amounted to In recent years, the road transport has experienced a rapid development, which manifests itself mainly in the growing number of passenger vehicles, as well as improvement of availability of transport-related services as regards both passenger and goods conveyance, rendered – in their majority – by private transport firms.
Inthe Polish airports served 18, thousand passengers. Skip to main menu Skip to submenu Skip to content.
Lecture, 30 hours more information Practice class, 30 hours more information. The rail transport is experiencing the hardest moment. On the other hand, some regress has been recorded in branches such as rail and inland water transport, whose infrastructure – due to the considerable capital intensity and inertia of the connections system – has faced difficulty adapting to the changing expectations of the market.
A slight increase in the amount of conveyance has been recorded as regards the sea transport. Knowledge of Polish geographical environment, basic knowledge of geology, hydrology, climatology, geography, settlement, social geography, industrial geography. Faculty of Geographical Sciences. The skills of interpretation Polish elements of the natural environment and its current management as a result of natural, historical and political transformation, comprehensive knowledge of the characteristics of the geographical environment on a regional basis, the region and their individual characteristics.
Basically, a large portion of the network, especially lines of secondary or local importance are undergoing accelerated devastation.
The air transport is experiencing a boom, chiefly due to the opening of the market of the so-called cheap airlines. The Transformations of the Transport Infrastructure in Poland. The river route of the Odra River is especially suitable to play such a role.
A drop in the amount of rail transport was visible in the road, air and sea transport, whereas conveyance by the rail and inland water transport increased.
irena fierla pdf merge – PDF Files
Raport roczny grupy PKP za lataWarszawa. Course descriptions are protected by copyright. Towards the end ofin Poland, the length of the through highways amounted to 2, km, including km of motorways, km of express roads two- and one-carriageway ones and 1, km of two-lane roads of national and regional importance. Copyright by University of Lodz. Jagoda GuzAnita Wolaniuk.