The first National Consultative Conference of the ANC was held at Morogoro, Tanzania, from 25 April to 1 May The conference has become known as the. A thread that runs all the way back to the ANC’s watershed consultative conference held in April in Morogoro in Tanzania darts through. of the Second National Consultative Conference of the African National Congress – Zambia. the post-Morogoro Conference period up to the present stage of our struggle. .. At this stage the Resolutions Committee presented its report. 2.

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It is obvious therefore that policy and organisational structures must grow out of the real situation if they are not to become meaningless cliches. Serving sentences Awaiting trial 9 National Executive Committee:.

The full texts of these statements will accompany this report. Reference has already been made to the danger of the thesis which regards the creation of military areas as the generator of mass resistance.

It is surely a question of whether, in the given concrete situation, the course or policy advocated will aid or impede the prospects of the conquest of power.

The other view was that the Secretariat 4 should be reshuffled. In his closing remarks, the President, Comrade OR Tambo, pointed out that the preparations for the Conference have been going on for a period of a year.

The problem of the national image of the UDF is in the process of being resolved, with the blacks now forming the majority in its leadership.

This approach is not a pandering chauvinism, to racialism or other such backward attitudes. The spectre is falsely raised of a threat to the White men’s language and culture to “justify” a policy of cultural discrimination and domination.

The situation was such that without activity of this nature our whole political leadership may have been at stake both inside and outside the country and the steps which were simultaneously taken for the recruitment and preparation of military cadres confwrence have met with less response.

When we talk of revolutionary armed struggle, we are talking of political struggle resolutiohs means which include the use of military force even though once force as a tactic morogor introduced it has the most far-reaching consequences on every aspect of our activities.

There might not appear to be a single impregnable mountain or impenetrable jungle but the country abounds in terrain which in general is certainly no less favourable for guerrilla operations than some of the terrain in which other guerrilla movements operated successfully.

Some events are well known, such as the Rivonia arrests ofthe Rhodesian campaign of and the Kabwe conference of Comrade Dan Tloome, who chaired the opening session, briefly outlined the significance of the period chosen for the holding of this Second National Consultative Conference the first being the historic Morogoro Conference of This includes educational and agitation Al work throughout the country to cope with the sophisticated torrent of misleading propaganda and “information” of the enemy which will become more intense as the struggle sharpens.


The full text of the report of this Commission is contained in the section of this report that contains all the other reports from the Commissions. It is therefore all the more important, consistent with our first principle, that the Coloured and Indian people should see themselves as an integral part of the liberation movement and not as mere auxiliaries.

Without such a unity the enemy easily multiplies and the attainment of a people’s victory is delayed. When armed clashes begin they seldom involve more than a comparative handful of combatants whose very conditions of fighting-existence make them incapable of exercising the functions of all-round political leadership. The Movement should work towards producing qualified personnel for our projects i.

They play a vital part in determining the tactics of the revolutionary struggle, the broad organisational structures we create and many other fundamental approaches. The argument that the problems of the Health Department are problems of growth is not acceptable. Stephen Ellis is the author of a new book called annc Mission: The first part was read out on the 16th and the second part on the 17th.

The correction of these centuries-old economic injustices lies at the very core of our national aspirations. In the course of carrying out its duties, the report explained, some of the comrades have over-reacted to situations and committed some mistakes in their handling of suspected and confirmed agents.

It always centred round the problem of the most effective way of “keeping the native in his place”.

These points were not actually discussed by Conference, but were noted. The ANC must raise mass activity to ever reeolutions levels. These monolithic tendencies are reinforced by a Hitler-like feeling of conferenxe that the fortress is impregnable and unassailable for all time. As a measure of expenditure control, the Commission recommended that each department be required to submit a yearly budget covering their total expenditure costs, resoultions air travel.

All significant sections of the White political movement are in broad agreement on the question of defeating our liberation struggle. It culminated in the decision taken in to prepare for armed confrontation. On the face of it the enemy is in stable command of a rich and varied economy which, even at this stage when it is not required to extend itself, can afford an enormous military budget.

The response of the authorities was such that the overwhelming majority of the people znc, through their own participation in the struggle and confrontation with the state, that in the long run the privileges of the minority will only be wrenched from it by a reversion to armed combat. It has taken different forms at different times but it has never been abandoned.


Morogoro Conference – Wikipedia

The critical outcome of the Morogoro conference was, however, the subordination of the armed struggle to political leadership and the recognition that mass mobilisation was the key to the struggle. This did not happen. So long as the threat from the liberation movement was not powerful enough to endanger the very existence of White baasskap there was room for division sometimes quite sharp in the White political camp. In addition, a number of significant omissions in the first draft were noted, including a definition of the epoch during which our struggle is unfolding, the role of the working class in our struggle, the revolutionary alliance and our international allies.

The words ‘in the long run’ must be stressed because it would be idle to dispute the considerable military advantages to the enemy of his high level industrialisation, his ready-to-hand reserves of white manpower and his excellent roads, railways and air transportation which facilitate swift manoeuvres and speedy concentration of personnel.

The true liberation of our womenfolk can only come about with the destruction of the apartheid system. But still our organisers from the urban areas must find ways and means of reaching these rural masses. At this stage the Resolutions Committee presented its report.

Morogoro Conference

Thereafter the Indian community and its leaders – particularly those who came to the fore in the 40’s – played no small part in the injection of a more radical and more militant mood into the liberation movement as a whole. In fesolutions history proves that without the most intensive all-round political activity this is the more likely result. We must work towards linking these struggles with the overall national liberation movement.

This perspective of a speedy progression from formal liberation to genuine and lasting emancipation is made more real by the existence in our country of a large and growing working class whose class consciousness complements national consciousness. Properly channelled and properly led, these qualities do not stand morohoro conflict with the principles of internationalism. After these preliminary discussions the delegates felt that Conference should break into commissions in the hope that all questions will be gone into in the commissions and the plenary sessions following the commission reports.